1 law enacted by a legislative body [syn: statute law]
Etymologylégislation < legislatio#Latin.
- Rhymes: -eɪʃǝn
- The act of legislating; preparation and enactment of laws; the laws enacted.
- Law which has been enacted by legislature or other governing body
the act of legislating
- Japanese: 法制化, 法制
law already enacted by legislature
- Japanese: 法律
Legislation (or "statutory law") is law which has been promulgated (or "enacted") by a legislature or other governing body. The term may refer to a single law, or the collective body of enacted law, while "statute" is also used to refer to a single law. Before an item of legislation becomes law it may be known as a bill, which is typically also known as "legislation" while it remains under active consideration.
In some jurisdictions legislation must not be confirmed by the executive branch of government before it enters into force as law.
Under the Westminster system, an item of legislation is known as an Act of Parliament after enactment.
Legislation is usually proposed by a member of the legislature (e.g. a member of Congress or Parliament), or by the executive, whereupon it is debated by members of the legislature and is often amended before passage. Most large legislatures enact only a small fraction of the bills proposed in a given session. Whether a given bill will be proposed and enter into force is generally a matter of the legislative priorities of government.
Those who have the formal power to create legislation are known as legislators, while the judicial branch of government may have the formal power to interpret legislation (see statutory interpretation).
Alternate means of law-making
The act of making legislation is sometimes known as legislating. Under the doctrine of separation of powers, the law-making function is primarily the responsibility of the legislature. However, there are situations where legislation is enacted by other means (most commonly when constitutional law is enacted). These other forms of law-making include referendums and constitutional conventions. The term "legislation" is sometimes used to describe these situations, but other times, the term is used to distinguish acts of the legislature from these other lawmaking forms.
The interpretation of law by the executive branch or the judiciary has been contended by some to be law-making, particularly when the judicial branch must address laws that appear to conflict (such as constitutional and statutory law). The extent to which the courts may be seen to "legislate" in this manner informs the ongoing contemporary debate concerning judicial activism (which may be contrasted with judicial restraint). Judicial law-making is not generally referred to as "legislation", however, except ironically. Also, some country's laws will empower the executive branch or other government agency to issue regulations or decrees which can carry the force of law, although this is also generally not considered legislation, per se. Legislation can also be created at provincial and local levels of government (which have their own legislatures), where separation of powers may be less formal and complete. Legislation is a source of law which consist in the declaration of rule of the competent authority
The record of events and public statements of legislators that explain the reasons for the law and its expected meaning are called "legislative history". Often, this will include formal speeches or writings made by the bill's sponors and chief critics. Courts often refer to legislative history in interpreting legislation, in order to discern "legislative intent" -- or what legislators meant for the law to mean. However, there is a prevalent minority view among some judges that laws should be interpreted solely according to their text, and without regard to legislative intent. This debate is complicated by the fact that legislators will sometimes craft the text of a law to be intentionally obscure or vague as part of a political compromise, and that in a large legislative body, most of those who vote in favor of a bill will not have read the bill's full legislative history, or, indeed, the bill itself.
legislation in Estonian: Seadusandlus
legislation in Spanish: Ordenamiento jurídico
legislation in Italian: Normazione
legislation in Malay (macrolanguage): Perundangan
legislation in Japanese: 立法
legislation in Portuguese: Ordenamento jurídico
legislation in Simple English: Legislation
legislation in Turkish: Yasama
act, authorization, bill, bylaw, canon, concurrent resolution, constitution, decree, dictate, dictation, edict, enaction, enactment, form, formality, formula, formulary, institution, joint resolution, jus, law, lawmaking, legalization, legislature, legitimatization, lex, measure, ordinance, ordonnance, passage, passing, prescript, prescription, regulation, resolution, rubric, rule, ruling, sanction, standing order, statute, validation